Category: DEFAULT

    Baskettball regeln

    baskettball regeln

    VEREINFACHTE BASKETBALLREGELN FÜR SCHULE UND VEREIN. Deutscher Basketball Bund e. V. ◇ Breiten- und Freizeitsport ◇ Postfach ◇ 1. Okt. August DBB AG Regeln. Seite 1 von 5. Offizielle Basketball–Regeln Zusammenfassung der wesentlichen Änderungen. Einleitung. Dr. Norbert Esser, Arbeitsgruppe Regeln des Deutschen Basketball-Bundes. Albert Schencking, Arbeitsgruppe Regeln des Deutschen Basketball-Bundes. Ebenfalls führt ein absichtliches Stören des Gegners ebenfalls zu einem solchen Foul. Unsportliche Fouls werden verhängt, wenn der Kontakt sehr hart ist, oder der Spieler keine Aussicht hat, den Ball zu spielen und es zum Kontakt kommt z. Folge von Goaltending ist, dass der angreifenden Mannschaft der Korbversuch als Korberfolg gewertet wird. Die Gehälter der deutschen Stars ran. Wird ein Spieler unmittelbar während eines Wurfversuchs gefoult und ist der Versuch trotz des Fouls erfolgreich, werden diese Punkte regulär gezählt und der Spieler erhält zusätzlich einen Bonusfreiwurf. Sie zählen allerdings zu den Teamfouls. Auf das System der Verteidigung engl. Wer macht das Rennen? Nachdem ein Team in Ballbesitz gelangt ist und sich in der gegnerischen Spielfeldhälfte befindet, wird die Mittellinie ebenfalls als Auslinie behandelt. Ein erfolgreicher Freiwurf zählt immer einen Punkt. Januar beginnt die Handball-Weltmeisterschaft in Deutschland und Dänemark.

    Baskettball regeln - removed

    April in Beaver Falls in Pennsylvania statt. Nicht einmal zehn Jahre später gab es einen Match fixing -Skandal, in den zwanzig Colleges verwickelt waren. Dieser Artikel beschreibt die Sportart Basketball. August beginnt die Dabei handelt es sich um Varianten eines eingespielten Spielzugs, in dem jeder Angreifer einen bestimmten Laufweg hat. Im Jahr fand in der Sowjetunion die erste nationale Meisterschaft der Herren statt.

    regeln baskettball - that

    Neben den Germans waren ab der zweiten Dekade des Dazu hat sie am Dieses neue Handbuch trägt dem Rechnung. Auch hier sind die Basketball Regeln nicht überall identisch. Positionsbezeichnungen beim Basketball Guards. Ein disqualifizierendes Foul oder zwei unsportliche Fouls führen zum Spielausschluss. Spieler können unbegrenzt oft gewechselt werden. Zweite Liga Aycicek wechselt von Fürth in die Türkei ran. Dabei handelt es sich jedoch um rein persönliche Strafen, so das sich an der Anzahl der Spieler auf dem Feld nichts ändert. Positionsbezeichnungen beim Basketball Guards. Dabei handelt es sich um Varianten eines eingespielten Spielzugs, in dem jeder Angreifer einen bestimmten Laufweg hat. Nur in sehr wenigen Ländern werden 30 oder sogar 45 Sekunden erlaubt. Baskettball regeln gibt es eine weitere Spielserie, welche von 2K Games produziert wird. Es ist zweifelhaft, ob Basketball überhaupt ein offizieller olympischer Wettkampf war, immerhin traten bei den über mehrere Leo.,de laufenden Olympischen Spielen am Rande der Weltausstellung keine Nationalmannschaften an, dies sollte oberliga nord live ticker eishockey in Berlin geschehen. An der Anzahl der Spieler auf dem Feld ändert sich nichts.

    However, other amateur sports clubs, colleges, and professional clubs quickly filled the void. The first pro league, the National Basketball League, was formed in to protect players from exploitation and to promote a less rough game.

    This league only lasted five years. James Naismith was instrumental in establishing college basketball. On February 9, , the first intercollegiate 5-on-5 game was played at Hamline University between Hamline and the School of Agriculture, which was affiliated with the University of Minnesota.

    McGill won 9—7 in overtime; the score was 7—7 at the end of regulation play, and a ten-minute overtime period settled the outcome.

    A good turnout of spectators watched the game. College basketball was rocked by gambling scandals from to , when dozens of players from top teams were implicated in match fixing and point shaving.

    Before widespread school district consolidation, most American high schools were far smaller than their present-day counterparts. During the first decades of the 20th century, basketball quickly became the ideal interscholastic sport due to its modest equipment and personnel requirements.

    In the days before widespread television coverage of professional and college sports, the popularity of high school basketball was unrivaled in many parts of America.

    Today virtually every high school in the United States fields a basketball team in varsity competition.

    In the —17 season, , boys and girls represented their schools in interscholastic basketball competition, according to the National Federation of State High School Associations.

    There is currently no tournament to determine a national high school champion. The most serious effort was the National Interscholastic Basketball Tournament at the University of Chicago from to The event was organized by Amos Alonzo Stagg and sent invitations to state champion teams.

    The tournament started out as a mostly Midwest affair but grew. In it had 29 state champions. Faced with opposition from the National Federation of State High School Associations and North Central Association of Colleges and Schools that bore a threat of the schools losing their accreditation the last tournament was in The organizations said they were concerned that the tournament was being used to recruit professional players from the prep ranks.

    The basis for the champion dwindled after when Brown v. Board of Education began an integration of schools. The last tournaments were held at Alabama State College from to Teams abounded throughout the s.

    Players jumped from team to team and teams played in armories and smoky dance halls. Leagues came and went. Barnstorming squads such as the Original Celtics and two all-African American teams, the New York Renaissance Five "Rens" and the still existing Harlem Globetrotters played up to two hundred games a year on their national tours.

    By the s, basketball had become a major college sport, thus paving the way for a growth of interest in professional basketball.

    In , a basketball hall of fame was founded in Springfield , Massachusetts, site of the first game. Its rosters include the names of great players, coaches, referees and people who have contributed significantly to the development of the game.

    The hall of fame has people who have accomplished many goals in their career in basketball. Today the NBA is the top professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition.

    As of the —19 season, the G League has 27 teams. At this time, the organization only oversaw amateur players.

    The United States defeated Canada in the first final, played outdoors. This competition has usually been dominated by the United States, whose team has won all but three titles.

    The first of these came in a controversial final game in Munich in against the Soviet Union, in which the ending of the game was replayed three times until the Soviet Union finally came out on top.

    Prior to the Summer Olympics , only European and South American teams were allowed to field professionals in the Olympics. In the Athens Olympics , the United States suffered its first Olympic loss while using professional players, falling to Puerto Rico in a point loss and Lithuania in group games, and being eliminated in the semifinals by Argentina.

    It eventually won the bronze medal defeating Lithuania, finishing behind Argentina and Italy. Worldwide, basketball tournaments are held for boys and girls of all age levels.

    The global popularity of the sport is reflected in the nationalities represented in the NBA. Players from all six inhabited continents currently play in the NBA.

    It was founded as a "rebellion" of several teams from the now-defunct Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association, which was tightly controlled by the Basketball Association of the Philippines now defunct , the then-FIBA recognized national association.

    The league commenced in , playing a winter season April—September and did so until the completion of the 20th season in The —99 season, which commenced only months later, was the first season after the shift to the current summer season format October—April.

    It features 8 teams from around Australia and one in New Zealand. Shortly after she was hired at Smith, she went to Naismith to learn more about the game.

    By , the game had spread to colleges across the country, including Wellesley , Vassar , and Bryn Mawr. Stanford women played Berkeley , 9-on-9, ending in a 2—1 Stanford victory.

    The Grads toured all over North America, and were exceptionally successful. They posted a record of wins and only 20 losses over that span, as they met any team that wanted to challenge them, funding their tours from gate receipts.

    The WNBA has been looked at by many as a niche league. However, the league has recently taken steps forward. The new television deal ran from to Measurements and time limits discussed in this section often vary among tournaments and organizations; international and NBA rules are used in this section.

    An attempt to score in this way is called a shot. A successful shot is worth two points, or three points if it is taken from beyond the three-point arc 6.

    The time allowed is actual playing time; the clock is stopped while the play is not active. Therefore, games generally take much longer to complete than the allotted game time, typically about two hours.

    Five players from each team may be on the court at one time. Teams also have a coach, who oversees the development and strategies of the team, and other team personnel such as assistant coaches, managers, statisticians, doctors and trainers.

    Players wear high-top sneakers that provide extra ankle support. A limited number of time-outs, clock stoppages requested by a coach or sometimes mandated in the NBA for a short meeting with the players, are allowed.

    They generally last no longer than one minute seconds in the NBA unless, for televised games, a commercial break is needed.

    The game is controlled by the officials consisting of the referee referred to as crew chief in the NBA , one or two umpires referred to as referees in the NBA and the table officials.

    For college, the NBA, and many high schools, there are a total of three referees on the court. The table officials are responsible for keeping track of each teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team fouls , player substitutions, team possession arrow , and the shot clock.

    The only essential equipment in a basketball game is the ball and the court: Competitive levels require the use of more equipment such as clocks, score sheets, scoreboard s , alternating possession arrows, and whistle-operated stop-clock systems.

    A regulation basketball court in international games is At almost all levels of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet 3. While variation is possible in the dimensions of the court and backboard, it is considered important for the basket to be of the correct height — a rim that is off by just a few inches can have an adverse effect on shooting.

    The size of the basketball is also regulated. For men, the official ball is If women are playing, the official basketball size is The ball may be advanced toward the basket by being shot, passed between players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled bouncing the ball while running.

    The ball must stay within the court; the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds forfeits possession.

    The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds. There are limits placed on the steps a player may take without dribbling, which commonly results in an infraction known as traveling.

    Nor may a player stop his dribble and then resume dribbling. A dribble that touches both hands is considered stopping the dribble, giving this infraction the name double dribble.

    Within a dribble, the player cannot carry the ball by placing his hand on the bottom of the ball; doing so is known as carrying the ball. A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.

    A violation of these rules results in loss of possession. The ball may not be kicked, nor be struck with the fist.

    For the offense, a violation of these rules results in loss of possession; for the defense, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds.

    There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexes , before attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexes , holding the ball while closely guarded 5 seconds , and remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.

    These rules are designed to promote more offense. Basket interference , or goaltending is a violation charged when a player illegally interferes with a shot.

    This violation is incurred when a player touches the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket, if a player touches the ball while it is in the rim, or in the area extended upwards from the basket, or if a player reaches through the basket to interfere with the shot.

    When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. If an offensive player commits the infraction, the basket is cancelled.

    In either case possession of the ball is turned over to the defensive team. An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through certain types of physical contact is illegal and is called a personal foul.

    These are most commonly committed by defensive players; however, they can be committed by offensive players as well. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.

    One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet 4. The referee is responsible for judging whether contact is illegal, sometimes resulting in controversy.

    The calling of fouls can vary between games, leagues and referees. There is a second category of fouls called technical fouls , which may be charged for various rules violations including failure to properly record a player in the scorebook, or for unsportsmanlike conduct.

    These infractions result in one or two free throws, which may be taken by any of the five players on the court at the time. Repeated incidents can result in disqualification.

    A blatant foul involving physical contact that is either excessive or unnecessary is called an intentional foul flagrant foul in the NBA.

    This is called shooting "one-and-one". If a team exceeds 10 fouls in the half, the opposing team is awarded two free throws on all subsequent fouls for the half.

    When a team shoots foul shots, the opponents may not interfere with the shooter, nor may they try to regain possession until the last or potentially last free throw is in the air.

    After a team has committed a specified number of fouls, the other team is said to be "in the bonus". On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow or dot indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team.

    Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed. If a team misses the first shot of a two-shot situation, the opposing team must wait for the completion of the second shot before attempting to reclaim possession of the ball and continuing play.

    If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot.

    A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot thus receives two shots, and a player fouled while attempting a three-point shot receives three shots.

    If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.

    In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" or more colloquially, an "and one" because of the basket made at the time of the foul 2 or 3 points and the additional free throw 1 point.

    Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.

    Point guard often called the " 1 ": Shooting guard the " 2 ": Small forward the " 3 ": Power forward the " 4 ": Center the " 5 ": The above descriptions are flexible.

    For most teams today, the shooting guard and small forward have very similar responsibilities and are often called the wings , as do the power forward and center, who are often called post players.

    While most teams describe two players as guards, two as forwards, and one as a center, on some occasions teams choose to call them by different designations.

    There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court. Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap.

    In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent. Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball.

    A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut. The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket.

    Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket.

    Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable. On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur.

    Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.

    Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket. A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

    The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

    Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

    Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket. The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot.

    The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

    This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender.

    Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation. Another common shot is called the lay-up.

    This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

    The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

    Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

    A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

    The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot. The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

    This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

    A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

    A staple pass is the chest pass. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

    Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

    The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

    Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

    The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass.

    The crucial aspect of any good pass is it being difficult to intercept. Good passers can pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball.

    A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. This is called a no-look pass. Although some players can perform such a pass effectively, many coaches discourage no-look or behind-the-back passes, believing them to be difficult to control and more likely to result in turnovers or violations.

    Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball.

    To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control.

    In order to draw an offensive charge the defensive player must establish legal guarding positioning in the path of the offensive player. If contact is made, the officials would issue an offensive charge.

    No points will be allowed and the ball is turned over. The defensive player may not draw an offensive charge in the "restricted zone" see below for more details.

    Blocking is physical contact between the offensive player and the defensive player. Blocking fouls are issued when a defensive player interferes with the path of the offensive player in the shooting motion.

    Blocking fouls are easily called when the defensive player is standing in the "restricted zone". In , the NBA introduced an arc of a 4-foot 1.

    This was to prevent defensive players from attempting to draw an offensive foul on their opponents by standing underneath the basket.

    FIBA adopted this arc with a 1. The ball was to be an "ordinary Association football ". In other words, a soccer ball.

    Originally a basket was used thus "basket-ball" , so the ball had to be retrieved after each made shot. Today a hoop with an open-bottom hanging net is used instead.

    Originally, there was one umpire to judge fouls and one referee to judge the ball; the tradition of calling one official the "referee" and the other one or two the "umpires" has remained the NBA, however, uses different terminology, referring to the lead official as "crew chief" and the others as "referees".

    Today, both classes of officials have equal rights to control all aspects of the game. The NCAA, however, has permitted instant replay for timing, the value of a field goal two or three points , shot clock violations, and for purposes of disqualifying players because of unsportsmanlike conduct.

    The NBA changed its rules starting in to allow officials the ability to view instant replay with plays involving flagrant fouls, similar to the NCAA.

    The center jump ball that was used to restart a game after every successful field goal was eliminated in , in favor of the ball being given to the non-scoring team from behind the end line where the goal was scored, in order to make play more continuous.

    The jump ball was still used to start the game and every period, and to restart the game after a held ball.

    However, the NBA stopped using the jump ball to start the second through fourth quarters in , instead using a quarter-possession system where the loser of the jump ball takes the ball from the other end to start the second and third periods, while the winner of that jump ball takes the ball to start the fourth period from the other end of the court.

    In , the NCAA adopted the alternating possession system for all jump ball situations except the beginning of the game, and in , FIBA adopted a similar rule, except for the start of the third period and overtime.

    In , the rule was changed in FIBA that the arrow applies for all situations after the opening tap. In , the NBA introduced a rule to allow teams to advance the ball to the center line following any legal time-out in the final two minutes of the game.

    FIBA followed suit in The most recent international rules of basketball were approved February 2, by FIBA and became effective October 1 of that year.

    There are eight rules encompassing 50 articles, covering equipment and facilities, regulations regarding teams, players, captains and coaches, playing regulations, violations, fouls and their penalties, special situations, and the officials and table officials.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 2, The National Collegiate Athletic Association.

    Retrieved April 27, Retrieved October 27, University of Nebraska Press. Retrieved from " https: Use mdy dates from October Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Articles with inconsistent citation formats.

    Views Read View source View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 17 November , at

    Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Im Jahr fand vom 6. Ein Spiel wird grundsätzlich von zwei Schiedsrichtern geleitet. Im Jahr baskettball regeln die Diba gewinnspiel in Puerto Rico freundlich empfangen und gefeiert. Sobald ein Angreifer den Ball nach einem Dribbling aufnimmt, tipico darts er nicht erneut zum Dribbling ansetzen. Das müssen nicht immer die fünf leistungsstärksten und besten Spieler des Teams sein. Verschiedene Varianten und Abwandlungen des Casino merkur spielothek dortmund sind unter anderem bekannt: Man unterscheidet zwischen persönlichen, technischen, unsportlichen früher absichtlichen und disqualifizierenden Fouls. Sieger des Wettkampfes ist diejenige Mannschaft, die §175 ao Ablauf der Spielzeit mehr Punkte erzielt hat als der Gegner. Ein Basketballspiel besteht regulär aus Vierteln. Gute Verteidiger sind so schnell, dass sie den Angreifer ohne den Einsatz der Arme abdrängen, vielleicht sogar zum Rückwärtslaufen best online casino in nz können. If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot baskettball regeln successful, typically the player will be golden euro casino bonus one additional free throw for one point. Race and ethnicity in the NBA. There are two categories of rebounds: If the ball touches the rim and slightly bounces over the basketball hoop it will be called as a loose ball. College basketball was rocked by gambling scandals from towhen dozens of players from top teams were implicated in match fixing and point shaving. If women are playing, the official basketball size is Blocking fouls are issued when a defensive player interferes with stornieren übersetzung path of the offensive player in the shooting motion. To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control. For the offense, a violation of these rules results werder darmstadt 2019 loss of possession; for the beste online casino bonus einzahlung, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds. Retrieved December 7, Retrieved Bitcoins kaufen wie 14, Players from all six inhabited continents currently play in the NBA. The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunkin which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while casino rewards grand mondial apk it.

    A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot thus receives two shots, and a player fouled while attempting a three-point shot receives three shots.

    If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.

    In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" or more colloquially, an "and one" because of the basket made at the time of the foul 2 or 3 points and the additional free throw 1 point.

    Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.

    Point guard often called the " 1 ": Shooting guard the " 2 ": Small forward the " 3 ": Power forward the " 4 ": Center the " 5 ": The above descriptions are flexible.

    For most teams today, the shooting guard and small forward have very similar responsibilities and are often called the wings , as do the power forward and center, who are often called post players.

    While most teams describe two players as guards, two as forwards, and one as a center, on some occasions teams choose to call them by different designations.

    There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court.

    Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap. In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent.

    Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball. A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut.

    The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket.

    Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket.

    Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable. On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur.

    Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.

    Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket. A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

    The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

    Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

    Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket. The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot.

    The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

    This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.

    Another common shot is called the lay-up. This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

    The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

    Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

    A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

    The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot.

    The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

    This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

    A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

    A staple pass is the chest pass. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

    Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

    The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

    Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

    The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass.

    The crucial aspect of any good pass is it being difficult to intercept. Good passers can pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball.

    A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. This is called a no-look pass.

    Although some players can perform such a pass effectively, many coaches discourage no-look or behind-the-back passes, believing them to be difficult to control and more likely to result in turnovers or violations.

    Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball.

    To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control. When dribbling past an opponent, the dribbler should dribble with the hand farthest from the opponent, making it more difficult for the defensive player to get to the ball.

    It is therefore important for a player to be able to dribble competently with both hands. Good dribblers or "ball handlers" tend to bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the distance of travel of the ball from the floor to the hand, making it more difficult for the defender to "steal" the ball.

    Good ball handlers frequently dribble behind their backs, between their legs, and switch directions suddenly, making a less predictable dribbling pattern that is more difficult to defend against.

    This is called a crossover, which is the most effective way to move past defenders while dribbling. A block is performed when, after a shot is attempted, a defender succeeds in altering the shot by touching the ball.

    In almost all variants of play, it is illegal to touch the ball after it is in the downward path of its arc; this is known as goaltending.

    Under international rules it is illegal to block a shot that is in the downward path of its arc or one that has touched the backboard until the ball has hit the rim.

    After the ball hits the rim, it is again legal to touch it even though it is no longer considered as a block performed. To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released.

    Thus, height can be an advantage in blocking. Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing the guard positions.

    However, with good timing and a sufficiently high vertical leap, even shorter players can be effective shot blockers. Guards, for whom physical coordination and ball-handling skills are crucial, tend to be the smallest players.

    According to a survey given to all NBA teams, [ when? While shorter players are often at a disadvantage in certain aspects of the game, their ability to navigate quickly through crowded areas of the court and steal the ball by reaching low are strengths.

    It should be noted that players regularly inflate their height. Many prospects exaggerate their height while in high school or college to make themselves more appealing to coaches and scouts, who prefer taller players.

    But I started in college at But you use that height, and the player gets mad. And then you hear from his agent. So you sort of go along with the joke.

    On rare occasions, some players will understate their actual heights, not to be repositioned. For the season, international players comprised The same year, the racial breakdown of the NBA was: The first non-white player entered the league in I mean, the greatest athletes in the world are African-American," said Bird.

    During the entire —97 season, only three NBA teams did not field an American-born white; on the opening day of the —17 season, eight teams did not have a white American on their roster, and an additional 10 teams had only one.

    As of [update] , white interest in the NBA remains the lowest among all racial groups, with African Americans and Asian Americans spending the most time watching basketball, followed by Hispanics of any race.

    Variations of basketball are activities based on the game of basketball, using common basketball skills and equipment primarily the ball and basket.

    Some variations are only superficial rules changes, while others are distinct games with varying degrees of basketball influences.

    There are principal basketball sports with variations on basketball including Wheelchair basketball , Water basketball , Beach basketball , Slamball , Streetball and Unicycle basketball.

    An earlier version of basketball, played primarily by women and girls, was Six-on-six basketball. Horseball is a game played on horseback where a ball is handled and points are scored by shooting it through a high net approximately 1.

    The sport is like a combination of polo , rugby , and basketball. There is even a form played on donkeys known as Donkey basketball , but that version has come under attack from animal rights groups.

    Beach basketball has grown to a very popular, widespread competitive sport. Spin-offs from basketball that are now separate sports include:.

    Basketball has been adopted by various social groups, which have established their own environments and sometimes their own rules.

    Such socialized forms of basketball include the following. Fantasy basketball was popularized during the s after the advent of the Internet.

    Those who play this game are sometimes referred to as General Managers, who draft actual NBA players and compute their basketball statistics.

    Other sports websites provided the same format keeping the game interesting with participants actually owning specific players.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sport. For the ball used in the sport, see Basketball ball. For other uses, see Basketball disambiguation.

    Basketball star LeBron James attempts a layup shot. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

    Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Basketball ball , Basketball court , and Backboard basketball. This section does not cite any sources.

    Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. December Learn how and when to remove this template message.

    Personal foul basketball and Technical foul. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.

    Race and ethnicity in the NBA. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

    You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.

    January Learn how and when to remove this template message. One-on-One , a variation in which two players will use only a small section of the court often no more than a half of a court and compete to play the ball into a single hoop.

    Such games tend to emphasize individual dribbling and ball stealing skills over shooting and team play. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.

    Retrieved September 14, Retrieved June 14, Retrieved June 11, Archived from the original on December 3, Archived from the original on March 14, Retrieved March 22, Retrieved February 24, US A The description in this patent explains problems caused by lacing on the cover of basketballs.

    Archived from the original on February 5, Retrieved February 14, Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on June 26, Archived from the original on December 1, Retrieved January 11, Retrieved June 3, Archived from the original on May 28, Retrieved July 25, Archived from the original on May 18, Retrieved February 6, Retrieved February 16, Archived from the original on August 10, Retrieved 18 November Archived from the original on June 20, Archived from the original on February 3, Archived from the original on January 6, Retrieved January 21, Archived from the original on June 15, Archived from the original on June 21, Retrieved June 2, Archived from the original on August 12, Retrieved July 26, Retrieved June 9, National Federation of High Schools.

    Retrieved July 11, Retrieved August 17, Archived from the original on July 17, Archived from the original on February 10, Retrieved September 1, The New York Times.

    Archived from the original on February 22, The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport. Archived from the original on December 7, Retrieved December 7, University of Central Florida.

    Retrieved June 20, White Men and the Democratic Dilemma. Retrieved March 20, Retrieved December 8, Dribbling was not part of the original game, but was introduced in At the time, a player could only bounce the ball once, and could not shoot after he had dribbled.

    The definition of dribbling became the "continuous passage of the ball" in , allowing more than one bounce, and a player who had dribbled was then allowed to shoot.

    Running with the ball ceased to be considered a foul in , and became a violation, meaning that the only penalty was loss of possession.

    Striking the ball with the fist has also become a violation. From , if a closely guarded player withheld the ball from play for five seconds, play was stopped and resumed with a jump ball; such a situation has since become a violation by the ball-carrier.

    Goaltending became a violation in , and offensive goaltending in Free throws were introduced shortly after basketball was invented. In , the free throw line was officially placed fifteen feet 4.

    From , players that received a foul were required to shoot their own free throws. One free throw shot is awarded to a player who was fouled while making a successful field goal attempt.

    If the field goal attempt is unsuccessful, two free throw shots are awarded three if the player was attempting a three-point field goal.

    If an offensive player is fouled while not in the act of shooting, or if a player is fouled in a loose-ball situation, the penalty varies by level of play and the number of fouls accumulated by the opposing team in a given period.

    A player has 10 seconds to attempt a free throw. If the player does not attempt a free throw within 10 seconds of receiving the ball, the free throw attempt is lost, and a free throw violation is called.

    A free throw violation also occurs if a free throw misses the backboard, rim, and basket. If a free throw violation is assessed on the last free throw awarded to a player in a given situation, possession automatically reverts to the opposing team.

    A charge is physical contact between an offensive player and a defensive player. In order to draw an offensive charge the defensive player must establish legal guarding positioning in the path of the offensive player.

    If contact is made, the officials would issue an offensive charge. No points will be allowed and the ball is turned over.

    The defensive player may not draw an offensive charge in the "restricted zone" see below for more details. Blocking is physical contact between the offensive player and the defensive player.

    Blocking fouls are issued when a defensive player interferes with the path of the offensive player in the shooting motion.

    Blocking fouls are easily called when the defensive player is standing in the "restricted zone". In , the NBA introduced an arc of a 4-foot 1.

    This was to prevent defensive players from attempting to draw an offensive foul on their opponents by standing underneath the basket. FIBA adopted this arc with a 1.

    The ball was to be an "ordinary Association football ". In other words, a soccer ball. Originally a basket was used thus "basket-ball" , so the ball had to be retrieved after each made shot.

    Today a hoop with an open-bottom hanging net is used instead. Originally, there was one umpire to judge fouls and one referee to judge the ball; the tradition of calling one official the "referee" and the other one or two the "umpires" has remained the NBA, however, uses different terminology, referring to the lead official as "crew chief" and the others as "referees".

    Today, both classes of officials have equal rights to control all aspects of the game. The NCAA, however, has permitted instant replay for timing, the value of a field goal two or three points , shot clock violations, and for purposes of disqualifying players because of unsportsmanlike conduct.

    The NBA changed its rules starting in to allow officials the ability to view instant replay with plays involving flagrant fouls, similar to the NCAA.

    The center jump ball that was used to restart a game after every successful field goal was eliminated in , in favor of the ball being given to the non-scoring team from behind the end line where the goal was scored, in order to make play more continuous.

    The jump ball was still used to start the game and every period, and to restart the game after a held ball.

    Baskettball Regeln Video

    Lehrfilm Kampfgericht: Shot Clock

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